Pharmacognosy by Tyler: A Free PDF Book
Pharmacognosy by Tyler: A Free PDF Book
Pharmacognosy is the study of natural drugs derived from plants, animals, fungi and other sources. It covers the history, chemistry, biosynthesis, pharmacology and therapeutic uses of these drugs. Pharmacognosy is an important branch of pharmacy and medicine that deals with the quality, safety and efficacy of natural products.
pharmacognosy book by tyler pdf free
One of the classic books on pharmacognosy is Pharmacognosy by Varro E. Tyler, Lynn R. Brady and James E. Robbers. This book was first published in 1976 and has been revised and updated several times. The latest edition is the ninth edition, published in 1999. The book covers various topics such as general principles of pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, plant biotechnology, plant drugs affecting various systems of the body, toxic plants and plant products, marine pharmacognosy and herbal medicine.
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Pharmacognosy by Tyler is a comprehensive and authoritative book that will help you learn more about the fascinating world of natural drugs. Whether you are a student, a researcher or a practitioner of pharmacognosy, you will find this book useful and informative.In this article, we will review some of the main topics covered in Pharmacognosy by Tyler and provide some examples of natural drugs and their applications.
General Principles of Pharmacognosy
The first chapter of the book introduces the basic concepts and terminology of pharmacognosy. It explains the difference between crude drugs and purified drugs, the classification of natural drugs based on their origin and chemical nature, the methods of extraction, isolation and identification of natural compounds, the factors affecting the quality and stability of natural drugs, and the regulatory aspects of natural products.
The second chapter of the book deals with the chemistry of plant secondary metabolites, which are the compounds that are not essential for the survival of the plant but have various biological activities. The book describes the biosynthesis, structure and function of different classes of plant secondary metabolites, such as alkaloids, glycosides, terpenoids, phenolics, steroids and others. The book also discusses some analytical techniques for phytochemical analysis, such as chromatography, spectroscopy and mass spectrometry.
The third chapter of the book explores the applications of biotechnology in pharmacognosy. It covers topics such as plant tissue culture, genetic engineering, metabolic engineering, plant cell cultures, hairy root cultures, plant cell immobilization and biotransformation. The book also gives examples of some biotechnological products derived from plants, such as taxol, artemisinin, vinblastine and vincristine.
Plant Drugs Affecting Various Systems of the Body
The next chapters of the book focus on specific groups of plant drugs that have effects on different organs and systems of the human body. The book covers plant drugs that affect the central nervous system, such as opium, cocaine, caffeine and nicotine; plant drugs that affect the cardiovascular system, such as digitalis, reserpine and ephedrine; plant drugs that affect the respiratory system, such as eucalyptus, menthol and camphor; plant drugs that affect the gastrointestinal system, such as senna, psyllium and aloe; plant drugs that affect the endocrine system, such as ginseng, licorice and soy; plant drugs that affect the immune system, such as echinacea, garlic and astragalus; and plant drugs that affect other systems or have miscellaneous effects. 29c81ba772